WP4 will focus on i) generating long-term records of key biodiversity variables and ii) studying their spatiotemporal dynamics as related to changes in climate, cryospheric processes, and human agency. Objectives are to:
Determine the variability of key biodiversity and ecosystem state variables across the terrestrial Arctic ecosystems during the Holocene.
Study the relationships between these variables and changes in climate, cryospheric processes, and human agency.
Analyse the temporal stability of these responses, and whether they are in agreement with the more recent observational record (WPs 1&2) and state-of-the-art process-understanding of the Arctic System (WP5). To achieve the above main objectives, WP4 will:
Identify the key data gaps in paleo-ecological proxy records across the pan-Arctic. The geographical scope is pan-Arctic and the temporal scope is the Holocene (the past 11,500 years), with a focus on the last 2 millennia.